Scientists around the world are researching the artificial creation of functional organs with the help of 3D bioprinters. Such printers are used to bring living cells into a particular position, which then naturally grow into a tissue.
Using such 3D biological printing techniques, the BioFabrication Facility (BFF) now envisages the production of entire human organs in space. The minimal gravity in space removes the need for scaffolding structures to support complex tissue shapes. Living tissue could then be formed with a thickness of about one centimeter, which is more than ten times what is possible on earth today. The necessary equipment is going to be sent to the ISS by SpaceX on Friday, July 26th.
The aim is to create a functioning myocardial tissue. The cell-ink must be incubated in space, as the transport of sensitive living cells is challenging.